One of the most inexpensive fences for the cottage or private house - from the professional flooring. His design is simple - the inserted pillars to which transverse lags are attached. A stranded straightener is attached to this lattice on the self-tapping screw or rivet. Everything is really easy, especially if you know how to use the welding machine. Although there is a technology without welding - on bolts or on wooden crossbars. In any case, the fence from the professional flooring can be built with your own hands. You can do all work if necessary, perform alone, but when installing sheets is more convenient with the assistant.
Construction with metal columns
The simplest manufacture is a fence with a metal posts covered in the ground. You can use round or square pipes, but it is more convenient to work with square-profiled.
The length of the pillars is taken depending on the desired height of the fence, plus is added from 1 to 1.5 meters to the shock in the ground. Put in the soil is necessary below the depth of the soil freezing. For each region, the soil freezes at different depths, but in the middle of Russia it is about 1.2 m. When determining the depth, to which the pipes burst, it is better to be restrained and make the wells deeper. Otherwise, the forces of winter racks are simply pushed out, and your fence fell (see photo).
For pillars, a profiled pipe is usually taken with a cross section of 60 * 60 mm with a wall thickness of 3 mm. The distance between the columns is from 2 to 3 meters. The greater the thickness of the proflist, the less you can put pillars. If the ground is sinking hard, it makes sense to make distances more, otherwise you can save on the purchase of metal - the thinner, the cheaper and the price difference is essential.
Lagges for the fence from the proflist make from the profile pipe 40 * 20 or 30 * 20 mm. The second option is wooden bars 70 * 40 or so. When using wood, a significant amount is saved, but the tree disappears faster, besides, it is corrosive from moisture. Most likely in a few years you will have lags to change, and they will already be metallic. But how the economy will go for several years.
By making a fence from a professional flooring with their own hands with wooden lags, do not forget to carefully treat the wood with an antibacterial composition (for example, Sezheng ultra). It is better to do it in the bathroom - immerse the bars for 20 minutes to the solution completely. So they will serve longer.
The number of lag depends on the height of the fence. Up to 2 meters - enough two, from 2.2 to 3.0 meters we need 3 guides, even higher - 4.
In detail about the choice and construction of the foundation for the fence, read here.
Methods of fastening Lag to the columns
Metal lags weld or between pillars or in front. The first way is more laborious, and more waste is obtained: you have to cut pipes into pieces. But with this location, the lag design turns out to be more rigid: each pillar serves as a support for the sheet and it is less "walking", if you wish along it, you can put a couple of additional fixings.
If you weld the pipes in front of the post (from the side of the street), the works are less, but it will be necessary to cut anyway and waste will be: it is necessary that the weld seams of two sites occurred to the pole. Is that you give up the distance so that they go smoothly. Then the materials are purchased previously, and then count the step setting step.
For fastening wooden bars, holders are welded or on sides - metal corners or P-shaped guides. In them, then drill holes and fasten with bolts or screws.
There is an option to assemble the fence from the corrugated floor without welding. For this there is a special fastener, which is called the X-bracket. This is a cruciform plate with curved edges, which is attached to the self-tapping screw.
Professional flooring for fences
For fences, a professional sheet with marking C - for fences and walls is used. There is still n and ns, but they are not suitable for fences - these are more roofing materials. You can rarely meet the marking a and r, profiles and can be used for fences.
In the marking after the letter there is a digit - from 8 to 35. It means the height of the ribs in millimeters. So C8 means that the professionalist is intended for the fence, and the wave height is 8 mm. The greater the wave height of all the more rigid surface. With strong winds, take at least C10, or even C20.
Sheet thickness - from 0.4 to 0.8 mm. The most optimal option is 0.45 mm thick or 0.5 mm. They are suitable for the fence of up to 2.5 m of height. If you need higher, take at least 0.6 mm.
The height of the sheet is usually around 2 meters, you can find 2.5 m. The width is very different - from 40 cm to 12 meters. Different plants produce various profession in the format.
Professional flooring can be galvanized, can painted (painted 15-25% more expensive than galvanized). The paint is applied in two types: powder and polymer coating. Powder coating is more resistant, but also more expensive.
There are sheets painted on the one hand - from the second is a galvanized, covered with ground gray, is from two. Bilateral coating, naturally more than one-sided color, but the view is better, and the service life is more.
Supporting pipes and lags for the fence are usually ground, then color. And somehow he was heard that they were painting their dark paint. Attaching then painted on one side, the professionalist get a clearly prominent "skeleton" on a light gray background. On a small plot it happens critical. Pay attention, and building a fence from the corrugated hand, paint the carrying frame into a light gray color. The result will please you: it looks much better from the courtyard.
How to mount a professional carcass
Fasten the sheet with self-draws or rivets. Self-tapping screws are galvanized, there are painted. Pick them in the tone color of the fence. Spin the screwdriver using nozzles.
The installation step depends on the wavelength and the height of the fence. The higher the fence, the more often you need to install fasteners. It normally holds if it is mounted on a wave to increase strength, with two lags can be mounted in a checker order, and not one over the other.
When installing it is important to set the first sheet vertically. Then everyone else will be installed without problems. When laying sheets, the following enters the already mounted on 1 wave. Fasten into the bottom of the wave. It is necessary to install a self-reading. Then the hole is overlapped with a washer and precipitates will not cause paint peeling.
About how to mount a professional on the fence, watch the video.
Fence from professional flooring with your own hands: photo report
The fence from neighbors and frontal was built. The total length is 50 meters, the height is 2.5 m. The brown straight professional is used on the front-line, galvanized, thickness is 0.5 mm, C8 brand.
In addition, such materials went:
- On the pillars, the profiled pipe is 60 * 60 mm, the wall thickness is 2 mm, pipes 3 m length;
- On the columns of the gate and the wickets put 80 * 80 mm with a wall of 3 mm;
- lags 30 * 30 mm;
- Gate frame and wickets 40 * 40 mm;
The fence is mounted on metal pillars, between which the base is then flooded. It is necessary for the owners, because before the fence it is planned to break the flower bed (you see the fence under it). Also, he is needed that water during abundant rainfall does not pour the courtyard. Metal sheets are attached not immediately from the ground, but slightly retreating. This gap is closed with a carving - ribbon, which remains in some industries. This is done specifically not to overlap air access in order for the earth faster than the sink.
Preparation of metal
The first stage is the preparation of pipes. From a warehouse, the pipe comes rusty to serve it for a long time, you have to consider Ruz, then process "anti-fruner" and after painting. It is more convenient to first prepare all the pipes, process to and paint, then only start mounting. Rust picked up with a metal brush installed on the grinder.
Pipes in the warehouse were only 6-meter. Since the height of the fence is 2.5 meters, you need to bury another 1.3 meters, the total length of the post must be 3.8 meters. In order to save, cut in half into 3-meter pieces, and the missing jokes with a different scrap metal available in the farm: cutting corners, fittings, pieces of different pipes. Then everyone cleared, primed and painted.
The first to put two angular columns. Jama drilled bought in the store a brown. The soil is normal, one hole depth of 1.3 meters went about 20 minutes.
The first pillar was exhibited horizontally and so that he climb over the soil to a height of 2.5 meters. To set the second, it took to repel the height. Used water level. It is necessary to pour it so that there are no bubbles - from the bucket, and not from under the tap, otherwise it will lie.
Announced the second pillar on a repulsed mark (put on the bar, which was set near the hole) and were concreted. When the cement grabbed, the twine was pulled out between the colums, according to which everyone else was aligned.
The fill technology was standard: a rolled regteroid was installed in the well. Inside, put the pipe, poured with concrete (M250) and exhibited vertically. The level was controlled by a plumb. Properly set the pillars - it is very important, otherwise the whole fence will be bothering.
In the process of work, it turned out several times that the concrete was flooded not inside the rolled rubberoid, and between him and the walls of the pit. It's a small pleasure to screamed him from there, because the protruding part was cut on the petals, pinned with large nails to the ground. Problem solved.
After the concrete grabbed, they made a portable formwork from the boards, covered with a dense film. With their help flooded the base. So that it is stronger, on the bottom to the columns on both sides, the rods of fittings are welded. The formwork was raised around them.
Purified, primed and painted pipes for the crossbar cut and welded. Cook between pillars. They are also tedious to put it in the level to secure it easier.
After the welding is over, all welding places are cleaned with a wire brush, processed "anti-javic" and after painted.
Installation of the professional sheet
Since the upper jumper passes along the very top of the fence, and it is welcome to level, there were no problems with alignment and installing sheets. Boldly first at the edges, then the intermediate screws were installed. To make it easier to put them smoothly, they pulled a thread between extremes.
After the gates were cooked and attached. As the last barcodes are installed on top of the good elements - the P-shaped profile, which closes the tip of the fence and plugs on the pipes.
As you understand, there is nothing particularly difficult. It is important to set exactly the pillars and welcome the frame. This is the main task. A lot of time - about 60% goes to prepare pipes - cleaning, primer, painting.
Fence from the professional sheet with brick columns
Of course, a fencing with brick columns looks more decorative. If you wish, you can do it, but the time will need more. There are two options:
- Making a full ribbon foundation. But it is long and expensive. On well-drainaged soils, it is possible to make the foundation of a small embedding, it will have to be buried below the depth of the soil freezing. And even though the tape will be non-screamed, a lot of work - for the entire length of the fence to dig a trench, put a formwork, knit reinforcement, pour and then finish. On top to put brick poles. Firmly, reliable, but expensive.
- Make according to the scheme described above: carrier pillars with the basement. Around the pillars lay a brick. This method is less expensive. About how to put a brick poles read here.
All technology is the same, only reinforcement will need more rigid - two belts of two rods with a diameter of 10-12 mm. In the posts it will be necessary to install mortgage elements to which the guides will be attached. Their (mortgages) can be welded to the pipe, after it is exhibited and grabbed the solution.
Stock Foto Design of fences from the proflist
A profiled sheet is combined with a forging, sometimes boils the frame from the profile pipe, a straightener is mounted in it and all this is decorated with metal patterns - forged or welded. Another option to make the fence is non-standard - install the wave is not vertically, but horizontally. A small, seemingly change, and the view of the other. Some ideas in the photo gallery below.
- Horizontal fence from the proflist
- Beautiful combination of stone, forging and red-brown sheet
- Pillars made of round metal pipes, to them from the back of the strip, to which the sheet is attached
- Forging and polycarbonate inserts
- More Variations on Forging
- Coloring may be non-unique
- Needed with nonlinear top
No country plot can do without fence. Even if the most friendly relations have developed with their neighbors, any owner still seeks to upset their possessions at least along the external perimeter. Agree, much more comfortable you feel in the yard, when you know what you do not observe, freely or unwittingly, outsiders. Yes, and experiences for the safety of your own property stored in the courtyard or rival buildings are not so sharp. Therefore, the issues of the private house fence are always among the primary tasks.
Not so long ago, the choice of the design of the fence and materials for its manufacture was not so great. Nowadays, the variety of options is so wide that they are even difficult to list. But, probably, a profiled metal sheet is considered one of the most sought-after materials (otherwise it is called a profile or professional flooring). This is due to the fact that the cost of a set of building materials for the construction of a fence from the professionalist is quite affordable for the average homeowner, and work on the construction of such a fence cannot be attributed to the tasks of an increased level of complexity, that is, they can be carried out by their own.
Let's look more in more detail what the advantages of such a fence, let's see how to build a fence from the proflist with your own hands, without resorting to the help of a hired construction team and lease of special equipment.
What are the advantages of building a fence from a profiled sheet?
Some owners of country sites belong to the fences of a professional flooring with some prejudice, considering them some kind of non-serious fence for their territory. And completely in vain - the fence from the proflist has a number of advantages that they make it extremely popular.
Learn how to make a fence from the challenges with your own hands with a step-by-step instruction, from the new article on our portal.
- One of the most important advantages is the rate of erection of such a fence. Probably none of other types of fences compares by this indicator. At the same time, the amateur master does not necessarily have any construction qualifications, have in its home arsenal how complex or specialized professional tools and devices. Itself will probably be a complex operation, it is probably an electric welding, but if there is no apparatus and appropriate skills, then it is quite possible to do without it.
- The cost of materials for the construction of such a fear is small, and such a fence becomes one of the most affordable even for families with a low income level.
- The fence, in contrast to the fence from the stake, it turns out to be solid, that is, completely hiding from the field of vision of foreign people all that happens in the yard. At the same time, the height of the fence of the host is free to choose independently (of course, within reasonable limits), since the profiled sheet can be ordered any length.
- It should not be thought that such a "tin", as such a fence called some skeptics, will not carry a protective function. If you understand, then through the fence from the professionalist, the attacker will be climbed even more difficult than through any major fencing. This contributes to a sharp, cutting hand, and besides, not becoming a reliable support of the top edge of the sheet. It may argue that a thin steel coating is easy to climb or dismantle - but also a wooden fence in this regard - no better, but by and large, to provide a completely insurmountable for "home-based professionals" a barrier - in general, a very difficult task.
- The fence, subject to all rules for its installation and use for the construction of high-quality materials, is distinguished by enviable durability. The term of its operation, without losing any basic qualities, is estimated at several decades.
- High-quality professional flooring on the fence looks very aesthetically, and often selected in tone, for example, to the roof of the house - the buyer is offered a wide range of color version options. Modern protective materials covered with a metal sheet are capable of maintaining their primary appearance, not afraid of the sun for many years.
- For such a fence it is easy to care for. If there is a need, the pollution areas are easily laundered with the help of ordinary household chemicals, and then they are easy to "rinse" a jet of water from the hose. However, many polymeric coatings of the profile, due to their structure, to which dirt does not stick, self-cleaning at the first rain.
- In addition to protecting against prying views, a continuous fence from the professional flooring is not bad devouring street noise, for example, from traveling along the street of transport. It will certainly be naive to talk about some significant "sound insulation", but still the degree of comfort of living in this regard will become somewhat higher.
What professional flooring is suitable for building a fence
First of all, to deal with the main material that will be required for the construction of such a fence. We certainly go about the professional flooring.
By itself, this material is a steel sheet of a certain thickness, as a rule, having a basic zinc or aluminum anti-corrosion coating. On production lines, sheets are rolled through special machines, as a result of which they are given a conceived profile. The form of this profile, as well as the thickness of the original steel sheet used for the manufacture of the original steel sheet, predetermines and assign the resulting material.
There are several different types of professional flooring, and, choosing material, you should pay attention to the labeling, which includes both alphabetic designations (which are more and digital indicators (dimensional material parameters).
- Liter "H" means material capable of performing the functions of carrying construction structures. These sheets have a high profile, often equipped with also additional ribs in the form of longitudinal grooves. Purpose - bearing wall or roofing structures, non-removable formwork in monolithic construction, production of containers, etc. The use of this type of professional flooring for the construction of a fence in a private house is completely not justified.
- Professional flooring "NS" - an intermediate "link" between the bearing and wall material, the sheet thickness here is no longer so large, and the wave profile usually does not exceed 35 ÷ 40 mm. It is used to cover the walls, including as a loaded element, but already on buildings of a small value. It can be used in the role of roofing, for example, the structure of canopies. Sometimes it also applies to the construction of fences, such as large construction sites. Despite the versatility of this professional flooring, again, again, this option looks unnecessarily expensive, and the high strength characteristics of the material simply remain unclaimed.
- Proflists "C" - specially designed to cladding the walls. They do not differ in the high height of the profile and sheet thickness, and the cost is quite affordable. It is from this category and usually choose sheets for lungs, but strong and reliable fences, protecting private country owners. At the same time, for such purposes, the profile height is rarely chosen more than 21 mm - it will be quite enough.
- Finally, the "MP" series has been submitted on sale. This is a universal material that is widely used for light roofing coatings, for the construction of household buildings, in the production of warmed sandwich panels. It is impossible to suit such a professional flooring and for the construction of a fence.
The table below shows the most common types of professional flooring, characteristic areas of their application are indicated. Note - in the name of the species after the letter notation, the two-digit number speaks of the profile height, and then the working (useful) sheet width in millimeters is indicated, that is, the space that it takes after installation and overburden. It is for this value that it is necessary to navigate when counting the number of sheets for the fence.
|Variety of professional flooring||Illustration||Characteristic areas of material application|
|C8. × 1150 (A, B)||Yes||-||-||-||Yes|
|MP18 × 1100 (A, R)||-||Yes||-||-||Yes|
|MP18 × 1100 (B)||Yes||-||-||-||Yes|
|MP20 × 1100 (A, B)||Yes||-||-||-||Yes|
|MP20 × 1100 (R)||-||Yes||-||-||-|
|C21. × 1000 (a)||-||Yes||-||-||Yes|
|C21. × 1000 (B)||Yes||-||-||-||Yes|
|Ns35 × 1000 (a)||-||Yes||-||-||Yes|
|Ns35 × 1000 (B)||-||-||-||-||Yes|
|MP35 × 1035 (a)||Yes||-||-||-||Yes|
|MP35 × 1035 (B)||-||Yes||-||-||Yes|
|MP40. × 1000 (a)||Yes||-||-||-||Yes|
|C44. × 1000 (a)||-||Yes||-||-||Yes|
|C44. × 1000 (B)||Yes||-||-||-||Yes|
|H60 × 845 (a)||-||Yes||-||-||Yes|
|H60 × 845 (B)||-||-||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|H75 × 750 (A, B)||-||-||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|H114. × 600 (A, B)||-||-||Yes||Yes||-|
|Abbreviations are indicated: "OS" - cladding of walls; "KP" - roofing; "NK" - bearing structures; "BUT" - non-removable formwork; "SZ" - construction of the fence.|
The length of the sheets is usually not regulated - as a rule, manufacturers on their equipment are capable of producing a professional flooring of any reasonable length (limited to 12 meters) and then, by order of the consumer, with high accuracy to cut into the desired size.
The thickness of the metal sheet can also vary, even at the professional flooring of one type of profile. Often, this indicator is also indicated in the marking of goods, fractional number. For example, "0.6" will say that a sheet steel is used with a thickness of 0.6 mm. For the construction of fences around the house, the material is usually acquired by a thickness of 0.45 ÷ 0.6 mm - this is enough.
So, for the construction of the fence, the optimal solution will be a wall (C) or universal (MP) professional flooring with a wave height from 18 to 21 mm. You can also use another, but a profile with a height of 8 ÷ 10 mm will still be "weak", especially on windy terrain, and with a wave of more than 30 mm - simply will lead to additional costs without special "preferences" for the owners.
Prices for professional flooring
Several comments on sheet coverage. Probably, there will be a little wishing to disappoint your house by a fence from a simple "galvanized" - the feelings of comfort, the suggestion of the site in this case does not achieve, and there will be an impression of some "temporary" or "incessant construction". So, it is necessary to purchase sheets with one or another polymer coating.
- The most affordable in the price plan are corporates with a polyester coating. The low price does not speak at all about low quality - this material of the protective and decorative metal coating is very racks to the temperature drops, to corrosion, is practically not afraid of aggressive ultraviolet radiation, therefore it retains its primary view for a long time, not jumping into the sun. However, there is a very significant disadvantage - such a coating is not distinguished by resistance to abrasive load, and to pump it to a metal with careless circulation - nothing is worth it.
In this regard, it is better to be coated from the matte polyester. It is always inflicted with a thicker layer, more racks to scratching, on and small defects on it will not be as noticeable. In addition, many of him more like that he does not give glare in the sun, and often painted in such a way, the proflists also attached a very interesting factory.
- Professional flooring with a popral coating is a completely different level of quality and durability of the material. The main component is a poural, which is a multipolymer composite, combining all the positive qualities of the polyurethane, acrylic and polyamide.
Such a professional flooring can serve without losing decorative qualities up to 50 years, as it constantly opposes almost any possible external influences, except, of course, manifestation of pronounced vandalism. As a rule, proflists with a popral coating are more often used for roofing. Of course, they are ideally suitable for a fence, but in this area such a special use material does not find simply because of a very high cost, many times higher than the price of a professional sheet with a conventional polyester coating.
- Good feedback deserves plastisol coating, the base component of which is polyvinyl chloride. It is always applied to the thick, reaching 200 microns with a layer, which creates a reliable protection of the sheet, including - and from the abrasive load.
Proflists with such a coating are presented in a wide range of design, both simply in RAL colors and a textured surface, very reliably imitating natural natural materials.
There is, however, in such material and a number of significant flaws. So, it does not like elevated temperatures, so it is not recommended for use in the regions with a hot climate. Not everything is safely and with resistance to ultraviolet - on the sunny side the coating will begin to fade. So if such a material is purchased, it is better to give preference to light shades so that the loss of color saturation was not so noticeable.
Most often, professionals with a plastisol coating applied to roofing. For the fence, his acquisition looks still dubious. Although, according to the confrontation of dust storms, hail, other mechanical natural impacts, such material, probably there are no equal.
- Finally, profrehents with a PVDF coating are produced, which is also a composite composition, but already on the basis of acrylic (up to 20%) and polyvinyl fluoride (80%). It can be considered a "champion" for resistance to any external influences and in longevity - the manufacturer promises 50 or more years of impeccable service. Such a professional flooring is suitable for any climate and for any operating conditions, including in unfavorable due to industrial emissions.
However, in this case, an excessively high price for such professional leaning seriously limits their widespread use.
The average of the country house is seen much more profitable to purchase an affordable professional flooring with a polyester coating, even with a certain reserve so that if necessary, replace the damaged area.
Recruitment of profiled sheet
General scheme for the construction of the simplest fence from corrugated
Before planning the purchase of the material necessary for the construction of the material, it is necessary to understand the scheme for itself, according to which the fence will be further conducted. In this publication, we will not stop at too complex designs that require large-scale work and the presence of certain skills in general construction work - the main emphasis will be made on that type of fence, with which any owner can cope with independently.
This scheme does not imply a common belt foundation - each reference metal pillar will be installed separately. With competent, high-quality execution, such a design is fully justified.
So, for each support is swingled (drilled) a well-well of the required depth (pos. 1). In order for the fence to stand for a long time and not exposed deformations, the bulk must be carried out below the level of primerization of the soil. It can be taken for a conditional unit of 500 mm, that is, if the soil in this region freezes, for example, to a depth of 0.8 meters, the optimal depth of the well will be 1.3 meters. However, there may be more dependencies and on the specifics of the composition of the soil, and this blocking parameter is best to specify in a local construction organization - there must be for sure.
Learn how to make a drilling rig to your own hands, from our new article on our portal.
Metal pipes are used as a rack-support (pos. 2). By and large, the profile of the pipe has no importance - both round and rectangular (square). But still, it will be much more convenient to work with precisely with a square in cross section - the optimal size of 60 × 60 mm (in a calm, windless terrain, you can apply 50 × 50), with a wall thickness of 3 mm. If conventional steel pipes are used, the diameter of at least 50 mm is needed for the rack.
After installing the well, the well is concreted (pos. 3) and filled with sand-gravel backfill (pos. 4). Read more about the advantage of this approach will be described below.
Racks are horizontally fastened with welding or any reliable mechanical jumper jumper (pos. 5). Their amount depends on the height of the fence: if it does not exceed two meters, it is enough to install on one jumper from above and below, retreating from the outlined edges of the intake plane in 250- ÷ 300 mm. If the fence is higher, then the center is placed another cross. In the same principle, it is also guided under higher fences, based on the exemplary ratio - one cross-lag per meter of the height of the fence.
To these jumpers-lags with rows of roofing screws or other fasteners, sheets of professional flooring will be recorded (pos. 6) with the allen one to another one wave. As a rule, the installation of fastening elements through one wave is practiced, in its lower part adjacent to the cross.
As can be seen, the scheme is easy to perform if you approach each operation to install such a fence with the knowledge of the case.
What and in what quantity will need to build a fence from the professionalist?
To properly decide on the necessary number of materials, it is necessary to know the initial settings - what will be the length of the future fence (general, and separately - for each side of the fence), and which is planned to be height.
- The number of sheets of professional flooring is easy to determine - it is only necessary to divide the perimeter of the fence (or the length of the parties - if the calculation is carried out for a certain site) to the working (assembly) sheet width, and then the resulting value is rounded to the whole to the whole side.
The length of the sheets ordered depends on the planned height of the fence. At the same time, it is taken into account that from the surface of the soil sheets will be attached with a certain lumen, which can be from 100 to 150 mm. It is impossible to allow the professional clothes to rest in the ground.
- The number and length of intricate racks. Length depends on the depth of their immersion in the ground and from the height of the fence. For example, if the wells are clogged under the columns of a 13 meter depth of 1.3 meters, and the height of 2 meters is planned, the length of the profile pipe 60 × 60 × 3 should be considered 3.3 meters. Since the fence will be raised above the ground level, it will completely hide the upper tip of the racks, and they will not be noticeable outside.
The distance between the racks take from 2 to 3 meters. The minimum distance is taken if the fence is built in the open area, where the wind can raise. On well-protected, for example, the forest, from the exposure to winds, you can put the pillars from the wind, but still not exceeding the maximum distance - three meters.
For a solid fence that will be considered in this publication, the multiplicity of the length of the gap between the columns does not have any value - they are simply installed at an equal distance. But if the fence is planned to be a sectional, that is, with the filling of each of the spans so that the column remains in appearance, it is better to choose the interval so that a whole, or at least a multiple of 0.5, the number of sheets of professional flooring. Otherwise, a lot of material will simply leave in trimming.
The number of columns is pretending to each side of the future at home, based on the planned distance between them. After that, it will be easy to calculate the accurate interval, to a centimeter, and already adhere to it when carrying out accurate markup on the area during construction work.
- For cross-lag, the optimal solution will be the profile pipe. With a shared amount, it is easy to determine whether the perimeter of the fence is multiplied by the amount of cross. But with dimensions in the section, probably, it is necessary to make a refinement.
In the information posted on the Internet, 40 × 20 mm pipes are often mentioned for such purposes, and some owners, simply based on considerations of saving, acquire a 40 × 20 × 1.5 mm material. And then, judging by numerous reviews, faced with the fact that the fence is "liquid", and with windy weather begins to "walk" threateningly. All correctly mentioned above the pipe for such a role is clearly weak.
If you have to purchase 40 × 20, then only with a wall thickness of 2 mm. In general, the optimal will still become a pipe 40 × 25 × 2.0 - it seems to be a small increment of size gives almost a semi-coat increase in the transverse rigidity of the enclosing structure. This is especially important for those sites where the strengths of the wind are not rare.
Lags are usually connected with fence racks with welding. This, by the way, another argument to use a pipe with a wall of at least 2 mm. Thin half-andpilled metels to weld without a single burning - a very difficult task for a beginner welder. With "Two" in this regard, still much easier.
- However, if there is no welding machine, or when the owner fears to spoil with inept actions already covered pillars, you can apply a different mechanical connection, for example, on ordinary bolts. It is even better - to try to find special fastenings - "crabs" which will significantly simplify this task.
Installing such a bracket of special difficulties cannot cause - everything is quite clear from the above illustration. Fastening is made with the help of the same roofing screws that go for fixation of the professional flooring to cross.
An important difference will be that when installing it is crossped the welded method, they can be shy between themselves almost anywhere. And in the mechanical attachment, it is necessary to cut profile pipes so that their junction must be configured to the support pole.
- Finally, for fastening the professional sheet to cross, you need to have the necessary number of roofing screws. Their number will certainly depend on the size of the fence and features of its design.
So, if you apply the rule of screwing of the screws into each second wave, then for a professional sheet, for example, C20 or MP20 will need 4 pieces per cross, that is, 8 pcs. With two lags, and 12 pcs. - at three.
Prices for roofing screws
The self-tapping screws have a cencing tip-borne, which, with a high-quality screwdriver, it allows you to do without prior drilling of the carrier profile, and even without a curtain. The hexagon head evenly distributes the torque, and the press washer with a vulcanizing rubber gasket - reliably protects the compound from the penetration of moisture capable of corrosion of the metal sheet in the place of the hole done.
Self-tapping screws are usually selected in the color of the professional flooring - so they merge with the overall surface and on its background become poor.
Roofing screws have a diameter of 4.8 mm, and the length may vary. But in this case, we are interested in the screws of 4.8 × 19 mm. With such a length, the self-tapping screw, passing through a metal sheet and one wall of the profile pipe, will not be represented in the opposite.
If you plan to install the lag jumpers on the "crabs" brackets using these screws, then, of course, it is necessary to lay in the required amount of reserve and for these purposes.
- A set of tools for work is the most common. Spades and buck for digging holes under support, containers for kneading solution, roulette, level, tracer cord - for marking. The welding equipment has already been spoken, and a screwdriver, or a drill with the possibility of smooth adjustment of revolutions, is needed to twist the screws with the possibility of smooth speed.
Grifmashinka will need for cutting metal. In addition, it is necessary for stripping profile pipes from rust in front of their mandatory priming - for this, a brush with a metal pile is installed on it.
In addition, other devices will be used in work - they will be described below, when describing the process of installing the fence.
Prices for grinding machine
- For concreting and backbown of support pillars, cement, sand and gravel (fine crushed stone) will be required. The number of these materials directly depends on the number of supports and depth from the installation in the ground.
To install the supports optimal will be the M200 brand strength concrete. The total volumes of the solution are small, so it is not necessary to order it - all the necessary quantity can be prepared directly at the place and as needed. And it will help to properly decide on the required volume of concrete and with the "dosage" of the source ingredients - the online calculator placed below.
Calculator calculating a solution for concreting of a fenced
Go to calculations
The principle of calculation is simple, various concreting options are considered in detail in the article, therefore, in particular explanations, this calculator does not need.
An example of the construction of a fence from a professional flooring - step by step
Next, the table will be detailed, literally - step by step is considered the process of the construction of the fence from the professional flooring. Moreover, the master is divided by its secrets and tricks, allowing to carry out almost all work independently, without resorting to attracting assistants. Of course, unnecessary hands will never interfere, but there are different situations, and you will see that even such a large-scale work can be performed alone.
Start, of course, with marking on the ground. The two extreme points of the side of the fence are determined - pegs are installed. A line is made between them - a simple tension of the cord. On this line it is desirable to immediately remove all interferences for further work - stones, trash, high vegetation, etc.
After that, they begin to install two poles, which indicate the entire side of the fence. IMPORTANT - it is these two supports that should get out of one horizontal line with their upper end. Such a measure will maximally simplify most of the upcoming operations - it will be described in detail below. So when installing the first extreme supports, it is possible to make them initially slightly higher than the planned, and then "shrink" with a water or laser level to cut pipes after pouring the concrete exactly along the horizontal line. Installing these columns by itself does not differ from other supports - all this will be shown on the example of one support.
The illustration below shows the support scheme of the support. The fence is assumed to a height of 2 meters.
Building in this case is carried out on the clay, bunched in the ground with a large depth of freezing - up to 1.2 m. So, it is necessary to deepen another half-meter below - the total depth of the well for the support will be 1.7 meters, and the total length of the pipe that will be support = - 3.7 meter.
To eliminate the action of the forces of winter swelling of the soil on the support, its concreting will be carried out at the bottom of the well. In this case, when the soil is freezing, the tangent forces directed upwards will not have any particular influence.
The magnitude shown in the scheme is definitely not the dogma - for each specific region they can be different. But the general scheme is fully justified, and guarantees the stability of the supports during the entire period of operation, and hence both the whole fence in general.
|Illustration||Brief description of the operation|
|So, first of all, two boundary columns are installed. A stretched twine can be removed - it is no longer needed after performing the preparatory work. At the outlined points, the wells are clogged to install the supports. For columns from the profile pipe 60 × 60 mm, the optimal diameter of the booster is 180 or 200 mm. It is not necessary to take less - the reliability of the installation is not ensured due to the too small concrete belt. The burden of larger diameter is unprofitable, from the point of view that it is much more difficult to work, the total volume of earthworks increases, the number of necessary concrete mortar increases - and this is all without special "preferences" in terms of reliability of supports.|
|Before installing the supports, it is strongly recommended to clear the pipes from the rust raid - it is more convenient to do immediately than after mounting the frame.|
|In addition, after cleaning, it is recommended to immediately handle the surfaces of the pipes of anti-corrosion primer or paint.|
|When wells are ready for extreme pillars, you can start the installation. Of course, it is extremely important to very accurately set these poles strictly vertically, and control is conducted both in the longitudinal and in the transverse plane. It is most convenient to carry out this with the use of a construction level having a magnetic platform - it is attracted to the pipe, and the employee is released hands. Even better if there are two such levels: you can simultaneously monitor two planes. How the pillar concreting and the well bundle is being held - will be described below on the example of one support.|
|After the extreme supports are securely installed, and their upper end is accurately cut under the desired level on one horizontal line, an operation is performed, which is one of very useful tricks. Namely - on the upper edge of the supports and strictly on their center the string is tensioned. For it, steel wire can be used by a cross section of about 1 mm.|
|On the one hand, the wire is simply tied to a welded eye, or for example, to a hole drilled on top of the pipe. But in any case, the string must come strictly on the top edge of the support.|
|On the opposite support is also welded, but here it plays only a centering role. The wire is not attached to it, but simply skipped through the ring.|
|And in order for the string to be constantly in a stretched state, never saved, counterweights hangs on it. In this case, the wizard for these purposes used several bricks. But this may be a metallic weight gain, a dweller or another material of a considerable mass, about 15-20 kilograms - should be enough.|
|As a result, it turned out perfectly evenly and horizontally to trace a fence located at a two-meter height. It is not enough that the stretched string is never confused under their feet and does not interfere with excavation works - it will become an assistant in many matters.|
|So, the extreme pillars are installed, the string between them is stretched. The distance is known, and it is easy to determine the plotting step - this was stated above. Suppose, a distance of 2.9 meters must be withstanding between the pillar centers. With the help of a roulette, this distance is postponed from the first support.|
|And precisely to disroach the point of the center of the future well will help the improvised plumb, which with the help of the hook is suspended on a stretched string. As a plumb, a kapron lace can be used with a load from below or even a steel chain, which is even more convenient, since changing the engagement links with a crochet is very easy to change the length of the plumb itself.|
|The distance from the first support is already postponed, and the plumb rummaged by the string will show exactly the place that becomes the center of the future well. This is one of the most important advantages of the strained wire, but not the last!|
|This illustration is very well shown, as a plumb from a metal chain accurately shows the center of the center of the well. You can go to earthworks.|
|It will be more convenient to work the brown, if you first dig up a small veil, in width and depth of about the bayonet shovel.|
|Next, the drill is taken, and the benchmark begins.|
|Having delighted 100 ÷ 150 mm, the bur netually raise to choose the ground.|
|In order not to breed the dirt and not to create unnecessary interference at the place of work, the soil is best to immediately pincher in a car, on which, as you turn off to the outlined place.|
|The boron deepends further into the ground, but its regular length in this case is not enough to drill the well required depth.|
|The master thought out this question in advance. It was made by a lengthening rod from a segment of a steel pipe. On both sides, it is not a threaded part of the desired diameter - respectively, "Mom" and "Dad". A transverse handle twists with a drill, and the extension can be installed on its place.|
|Then, from the opposite side of the extension rod, the handle is screwed.|
|You can continue drilling - now the tool length is enough to achieve the required well depth.|
|If in the course of work there are difficult layers, it will have to work sharply with composite reinforcing twist, with a diameter of about 20 mm. It often helps and adding a water to a well, especially if a dense clay layer caught.|
|A frequent problem of drilling a well is that its trunk can deviate from the vertical line, and the employee will not notice. To avoid this, you can regularly control with the help of the same improvised plumb, lowering it already in the well. He must settle down on its center. This is another dignity stretched from above.|
|As it approaches the planned depth, it is necessary to carry out control measurements. We remember that the depth of 170 cm is needed. But the measurement of the roulette from the ground level is not distinguished by accuracy - even on a flat section of the surface drops of the surface of the soil can be very significant, and this does not suit us.|
|Therefore, measurements will lead from the "reference" line, that is, from the stretched string. It is most convenient for all this, of course, to do with a laser roulette. It is enough to attach it to the string over the well and send the beam vertically to the bottom. It is necessary to ensure that this distance is equal to 3.7 meters, that is, 1.7 - on the bulkness, and 2 meters - the height of the pillar (that is - and the stretched string).|
|Almost a point! But if the depth is insufficient - it is necessary to continue drilling. And in the case when the chance of the right front is slipped, it is easy to fall asleep into a well a small amount of clay soil and thoroughly tumble a long bar or acrypiece. It is clear that the laser roulette is far from everyone. Not trouble, you can do it easier. A long rail is prepared in advance, on which risk corresponding to the desired height (in this case is 3.7 m). To check the rail, lowered the bottom of the well, and on the position of the risks of the tensioned string judged on the depth: it is necessary to achieve their alignment. All this is done so that all pillars get up with their upper ends perfectly on one horizontal line, without any additional trimming. And this, in turn, extremely simplifies further installation operations.|
|The well of the estimated depth with the vertical barrel is ready for further work.|
|Pipes for supports are cut exactly in size - 3.7 meters.|
|For better contact with a plugged concrete layer on the walls of pipes, small jumpers are welded, on the plot that will have to fill.|
|Install the post and fill the concrete belt is best immediately after the well drilling. Otherwise, water can be accumulated at the bottom of the well - or from underground rigor, or from sudden rain. The pipe is installed to the well through its center. The upper cutter of the pipe should come exactly along the string.|
|Position of the pipe is adjusted by level. First, it is advisable to set the vertical in the plane perpendicular to the fence line. At the same time, to achieve verticality, the lower side of the pipe is corrected, since the top should have in any case with its center exactly along the string.|
|Then the position of the construction level is changed, and the vertical is adjusted in the plane along the fence. Here you can already shift the top edge of the pipe - along the string. The installed pipe can be fixed by temporary backups, for example, taking the segments of fittings with welding to its body. However, you can come up with other devices.|
|Further, a concrete solution is prepared from cement (M400), sand and small gravel, mixed in the proportion of 1: 2: 4. It is not necessary to make a lot of solution, so it can be done in a trough without using concrete mixer. So, for the fill of our well to the height of 1 meter from the bottom, it will take all about 30 liters of the solution - three buckets. As the fills are pouring, a "pin" is picked up a solution with a reinforcement rod so that the air cavities remain. The height of the filled concrete layer is easy to control using a measuring rail, applies to it a mark corresponding to the calculated height from concreting to the surface of the Earth (in this case it is 700 mm).|
|After the fill of the concrete, the pillar can be left alone for a day, providing its immobility in a given vertical position. At this time, you can make digging and installing the next post. After a day, the concrete is already enough enough so that you can fully fill the well. It will be useful to start once again to control the correctness of the position of the support.|
|Fill the top of the wells is best with a mixture of sand and small gravel. The compacted soil during freezing and the beaming of the lower layers will still have an impact on support. But the PGS is due to its flowability in this regard - is completely safe. PGS puffed up in small layers of 50-70 mm thick ...|
|... and immediately spend a thorough traam. To do this, you can use any comfortable and suitable wooden helper or even a stalk from the shovel.|
|The operation is repeated until the well to the surface of the earth will not be tightly clogged with a sandy-gravel mixture.|
|Further, in the example of the example, the master also offers to fill the body of the pipe support with the same concrete solution. This will definitely increase the strength of the pillar, and in addition, will not give water to fall into the cavity of the pipe nor from the bottom, that is, it will increase the corrosion resistance. To fill the pipe 60 × 60 in this case, there will be a little more bucket of the solution - about 13 liters. To fill it, you can apply a homemade funnel, making it from the top of the six-liter plastic bottle - its neck, after a small part-time, the file will be perfectly in the pipe. Filling is carried out using a trowel, and a long reinforcement rod can be used for "plug" and seal.|
|Pillars, covered with concrete solution. Many, for sure, consider this operation unnecessary. It can be said that it will improve the quality of the fence. In addition, when conducting welding works, the frozen concrete is well removed heat, and the risk burn the hole in the pipe becomes minimal. However, such concreting must still be required - most often the pipes are closed on top with special or homemade plastic or metal plugs. Be that as it may, in this example, after this operation, the support can be considered finished, naturally, after the final grasp of concrete.|
|After all the pillars are installed, you can already remove the stretched string - it is no longer needed, and go to the installation of jumpers-lag. And here there is one trick that allows the wizard to independently perform this operation with high accuracy. For this, two almost identical adaptations-conductor are prepared. And you can make them from ordinary boards, which will always be in the farm.|
|This is the top of the conductor. It is clearly visible to the groove (red arrow) with the upper "ceiling" board (blue) - to wear a fixture to the pillar. At the calculated distance corresponding to the desired position of the jumper relative to the post end, the shelf is screwed to lay the profile tube for the top lags (green arrow).|
|And this is the lower part of the conductor and, accordingly, the shelf for laying the pipe for the lower jumper. The second conductor is made almost the same with the same dimensions, but symmetrical first.|
|First one, and then the second conductor are hanging on two adjacent post, starting from the second from the corner - as shown in the illustration.|
|Then the profile tube for lower lags is laid on their lower shelves. It is adjusted by its position, with the calculation so that it reaches an angular pillar. Since the upper edge of the poles is performed perfectly exactly along the string, and the conductors have the same dimensions, then the jumper occupies an even horizontal position.|
|After the pipe is exhibited, it is grabbed by welding on both supports.|
|Then exactly the same operations are carried out with the top tube-jumper.|
|Next, after tag, the conduit cubs are removed and rearranged on the following in the course of the fence of the pillar. And the places of tapes can already be slapped "seriously".|
|As a result, the master independently, without any help, collects the fence frame, and at the same time adherence to the levels of all structural elements - is guaranteed.|
|Complete installation of frame skew slag on welded joints and final staining of all parts of the structure.|
|If the frame is fully ready, you can move to the installation of the professional flooring. And in this case, using simple devices, all operations can be carried out by their own, without helpers. First of all, another conductor is made from the board.|
|It is assembled on the basis of one long board, and this is his upper part. The reference board (red arrow) will move along the upper lag, and is equal to the width of the profile pipe. The second board (green arrow) will rest in the side edge of the professional sheet installed, and its lower cutting is accounted for exactly the middle of the height of the profile pipe - this will make it easier to carry out markup. The thickness of this board must correspond to the height of the sheet profile. Finally, the upper plate (blue arrow) creates a groove in which the sheet will start and maintaining it to be securely fixed with self-draws.|
|In the lower part of the conductor, the shelf is screwed, which will set the required distance of the sheet from the ground surface.|
|In addition, you will need a homemade "clothespin" about this type. It can be made of any girlfriend, having done a wedge-shaped cutout - so they will be temporarily fixed with each other in the place of their adhesion for one wave.|
|It is necessary to still prepare a set of dugs and clins of various thicknesses - for the construction of a temporary stand under the combined side of the sheet. This stand moves along the work.|
|Consider the installation of the coating of the fence on the example of one sheet. Under the edge of the last installed sheet, the plank is stacked, so that they are overlapped into it. Often, a small wedge is breeding between skimmers. Judging by the reviews of domestic masters, sometimes for such a support is used, instead of boards, and a trapezoid jack from a passenger car.|
|In the right place, that is, by the far cut of the professional sheet installed, the conductor is suspended on the top jumper. The metal sheet is started in the groove of the conductor, and the lower edge will be strengthened into the shelf, thereby ensuring the desired position of the sheet height. Note on the picture - it is necessary to work in the mittens, as the edge of the sheet is very easy to cut your hand.|
|If the conductor was initially exhibited exactly, the waves of the new and already installed sheet perfectly coincide. The lower edge in the layer of the layers of sheets, the edge will be strengthened to the exhibited pillage support.|
|Now it will only be left to braid the sheets on top of them overlap by the prepared climb. All, the leaf perfectly stood up in his place, and the hands of the master at the same time - absolutely free. Such a fastener allows you to do without helpers - it reliably holds the sheet even with a slight wind.|
|You can proceed to markup for the installation of self-tapping screws. This will require a ruler. It is best to make it from affordable plastic, for example, from an unnecessary facing PVC panel. Such a ruler never scratches a colorful coating of a professional flooring, and its low weight makes it easy to hold one hand. In addition, the line does not slide on the metal, the experienced masters recommend stirreling the strip of the isol or leucophower on its back side. The landmark for setting the line will be on one side - already screwed screws, and on the other - the middle of the profile pipe of the jumper. In the planned places of screwing the screws (through a wave) risks marker are made.|
|Exactly the same operation is carried out along the bottom of the lower jumper.|
|The markup is made, the sheet is well fixed in the desired position - it can be moved to its final fastening with self-draws. Roofing screws allow you to fix a sheet without prior drilling. However, the moments of scaling of self-pressing with the surfaces of the surface are not excluded. In addition, it happens that during the passage of the pipe, the self-tapping screw begins to "lead" to the side or even climb. To avoid this and perform the work as much as possible, the Master in the considered example performs a preliminary drilling of holes with a drill, with a mounted drill with a diameter of 3.9 mm. Start from extreme screws from the already installed sheet. Initially, drilling from below ...|
|... and immediately screwed up self-sufficiency.|
|Then the same operation is carried out from above - drilling ...|
|... and screwing the self-press.|
|After that, when the sheet is fixed with two extreme self-pressing, you can immediately walk the drill, inverting the holes for the rest of the fastener.|
|Next, you should screw the screws along the entire length of the sheet, on top and bottom. Some wizards in order not to reach for fasteners each time, hang on the neck on the ribbon ring magnet from the old dynamics, to which you can "stick" a whole storage of self-tapping.|
|It is very important to properly adjust the ratchet of the screwdriver so that the tightening torque ensures optimal screwing the screws. Neither a weak tightening, in which the sheet can hang out, neither excessive, with the deflection of the press washer. By the way, if drilling is produced, it may be more convenient for someone, and even cheaper, fix the sheet and rivets using a riveter. This simultaneously reduces the likelihood that the leaf will remove, twisting the screws, some kind of "good person." True, it must be borne in mind that only steel rods are allowed. The combination of aluminum + steel gives a galvanic pair, and in these places over time they will definitely emerge corrosion.|
|After the sheet is fully screwed to the crossages, go to the next. To do this, first rearrange the conductor to a new place. By the way, it makes sense on its lineup to make a marker mark, which will correspond to the correct position of the conductor relative to the edge of the last installed sheet - it will be even easier to work.|
|The stand is removed from the stack of skulls ....|
|... and rearranged to a new place, under the edge of the last installed sheet, and then folded until it stops in its edge.|
|Everything is ready for self installing the next sheet. In such a job, work is being completed. The last sheet often has to be trimmed in width, and it is better to do it with the help of metal scissors. The use of "Bulgarian" for these purposes is not particularly recommended, as it often leads to the reciplocation of the cropped edge, disruption of the protective zinc and polymer coating, and this may cause corrosion.|
|Work on the installation of the fence from the corrugated floor using the "means of small mechanization" mentioned above will go very spore. Well, the fence itself is perfectly smooth and very reliable.|
So, an example was considered as independently, even without helpers, to build a fence from the professional flooring. Of course, this is not the only way to build such a fence, both in terms of the design itself and according to the features of its installation. For example, in the videos placed below, the wizard shares its secrets of the construction of the fence, but already using the foundation tape as the basis.
Video: An example of independent construction of the fence from the professionalist
Someone more souls more capital designs, for example, using brick support pillars. In this matter, we can also help - on our portal there are relevant instructions.
The fence with brick columns is stylish!
True, it will require a large-scale work, and the material will have to prepare a lot. With all the details about the independent erection brick pillars for fence - In a special publication of our portal.
Many building brigades are taken for installing a fence from a professional flooring. The process is not troublesome and fast, and the earnings are essential.
To eliminate this article of expenditures from the general estimate of the improvement of cottages or a private house, you can, decide to make a fence from the corrugated hand.
The appointment of the fence on the site is the fencing of the territory. At the same time, he has another feature - representation.
Fence from professional flooring (professional sheet) do it yourself
Previously, the main material for the fence device was a tree - the material is available, but requiring care and protection against destruction, at present, the competition is also made up by other building materials: brick, concrete, polycarbonate, grid, forging, professional flooring.
In terms of the ratio of the "price-installation-durability, the appearance", leadership belongs to professional flooring, which led to its widespread user among users.
Advantages of fences from corrugated
- ease of material and installation;
- strength (rigidity);
- corrosion resistance;
- uniform and very slow burnout (like paint on the car);
- aesthetic appeal;
- Neutility for care;
- long service life;
- relatively low price.
This list of advantages has little building materials. But, all these properties are fully revealed only with the right installation. So you need to know how to make a fence from the professional flooring correctly. Within the article, we will tell about the nuances of the selection of the material, the specifics of its calculation, the types of frame for the fence, we describe how to attach professional flooring and much more.
Fence from professional flooring with their own hands - phased guide from A to Z
Installation of the fence from the professional flooring includes only the screw in the frame to the framework, this is a process consisting of several stages. Each of which we describe in detail in the form of a step-by-step instruction.
Stage 1. The scheme of fence from the professional flooring - from the sketch to the drawing
Arbitrary schematic pattern (sketch) is needed in order to visualize the design features of the fence.
Allocate two types (type) of the fence of the profile:
Types (types) of fence from a professional flooring It is the type of fence that determines the consumption of material and methods for installing structural elements.
The drawing is applied to the diagram:
- Place the location of the fence on the site. Helps to take into account the peculiarities of the site: relief, plantings, buildings, access roads, place of installation of the gate, etc.;
- If the area is uneven (elevated, lowland) to apply where the height differences are. Manufacturers producing high-quality material make profiled sheets with a multiple-length 50 mm. This allows you to achieve a visually equal height of the fence, despite the height differences on the soil.
- Dimensions: the height of the fence and the length of individual direct sections;
- location of columns (supports);
Note. With a sectional fence, the width of the section is determined by the width of the sheet. It must be multiple 1, 1.5 or 2 sheets.
The detailed scheme simplifies the calculation of the material.
Stage 2. Materials for the fence of professional flooring
Construction will pass quickly if timely prepare the materials necessary for the manufacture of materials.
What materials are needed for a fence from a professional flooring:
1. Professional flooring
Choosing a professional list (estuary) It is necessary to pay attention to the thickness (0.45-0.5 mm +/- 0.06 mm), the height of the wave, the absence of capillary grooves, parameters, coating, color and texture.
The profiled sheet has a high sailboat, it must be considered when planning the framework.
Note. The size of the proflift for the fence is different from different manufacturers, it must be considered by choosing the material. It is also worth knowing that the warranty service life for galvanized professional flooring is 20-30 years, and with a polyester coating - up to 50 years (depending on the thickness of the layer).
Characteristics of professional flooring, properties and sizes
What professional flooring to choose for the fence
2. Support racks (pillars)
Support racks (pillars) for the fence of professional flooring Theoretically, you can apply any material: wood, stone, metal.
Solving what pillars to use for the fence, keep in mind that the most simple and accessible option is metal pipes.
The parameters of the racks depend on the alleged load. Types of 60x40x2 mm or 40x40x2 mm are usually used. For round pipes diameter - 60-100 mm.
Publishing for fence from corrugated You can use purchased ready-made pipes for the fence (photo) (for any types of soil) or piles (normal soils and loams).
The advantage of ready-made support pillars in the presence of "heels" for installation on a pillow, holes for fastening a profile and an upper plug, which excludes water from entering a pillar.
3. Cross Lags
Cross lags for a fence from a professional flooring For lag (crossbar) it makes sense to use square pipes 40x40x2 mm. or 40x20x2 mm. General Recommendation - The width of the lags is equal to half the width of the support pillar.
Wooden lags to apply unacceptable, due to the fact that the wood is inclined to catch in place at the fastening of the sheet. This will not only reduce the service life of the fence, but will not allow the use of the sheet again. Metal corner is also not suitable for lag, with a thickness of 2 mm, it will not provide due resistance to wind load, and it is not recommended to use thicker manufacturers.
Note. A special self-tapping screw for a strawberry with a row is designed to drill metal with a thickness of no more than 2.5 mm. So the use of a thick-walled profile is fraught with additional drilling efforts.
4. Plate Holder (Bracket) for Profile
Bracket for fastening professional Special fasteners (brackets) use when assembling a fear of the fence by a wheel welcome method, on hardware.
5. Pillar plugs (supports)
Plugs for pillars (supports) under the professional flooring Plastic plugs perform a protective function so that water does not fall inside the pipe.
In practice, the pillar is closed by a special lining or a plastic bottle. Not very aesthetically, but certainly cheap, and it is suitable as a temporary solution to the problem.
Rivets for professional flooring We need for a warehouse assembly of the fence frame. This uses a bolt or screw M6 (30 and 20 mm). As well as self-tapping screws for fastening professional flooring or rivets.
Hardware for professional flooring Professionals advise to use self-tapping screws, because It is equipped with an additional gasket (neoprene tires), which allows you to close a straightener, without damaging its surface. Its length is 15-35 mm.
Council. When using rivets of the edge of the hole under them, it is recommended to process special paint. This will make the rapid appearance of rust at the fastening site and the formation of rusty ottheets on the professional flooring, eliminate which is very difficult.
7. Paint for professional flooring
Paint for professional flooring The paint is used to tinkering scratches that may appear during the installation of the professionalist, as well as painting the place of cutting on the sheet. Consumption is small, one titer, as a rule, is enough.
8. Decorative Facing Planck for Decorating Fence
Outblowing strap for professional flooring P-shaped bar (intricate, stolen), which is installed on the upper face (edge) of the proflist and protects users from possible cuts, and the sheet from the appearance of rust.
Material prepared for site www.moydomik.net
Outbar Plank for Profile - Rolling Places Note. When buying, pay attention, the edges of the bar must be bent (spilled). Otherwise, they not only scratch the metal when installing, but will lose their shape (the edges will go away from the sheet) during operation.
Additional materials and tools:
- Cement, gravel, sand - to install support pillars or the foundation arrangement;
- Level, plumb, welding machine (and consumable elements), screwdriver, solution containers, formwork boards (if necessary), shovel or boring, primer and anti-corrosion solution for metal, riveter (if necessary), rope, safety glasses and gloves, Bulgarian (if necessary cutting of professional knots).
3 stage. Calculation of material for the fence from the corrugated
How to determine how much the building material for the manufacture is required.
1. Calculation of the number of sheets of professional flooring:
- With a solid fence - the total length of the fence is divided into the utility width. Rounding goes to the biggest;
- during sectional. If the size of the section (span) is equal to the width of the sheet - the overall sheet width is used. If it is planned to install one and a half or two sheets - useful.
Note. The sheet can be installed both vertically and horizontally. With horizontal mount, the height of the fence will be equal to 1, 2 or 3 working widths of the sheet. With vertical - determined by the customer.
Council. When calculating, do not operate with such a thing as the total area of the required professional flooring. Calculates in pieces at a given sheet height.
2. Calculation of the number of pillars for the fence from the professional flooring
The number of supports depends on the distance between the fence columns from the corrugated
- With a solid fence, the total length of the fence is divided into an estimated distance between the columns (racks). Taking into account the sailness of the sheet, it is taken equal to 2,000 - 3,000 mm. It is inappropriate to increase the distance, as this will lead to an increase in the thickness of the racks or the number of longitudinal lag.
- during sectional. The amount is determined by the estimated number of sections. By installing racks for mounting sections of the fence, it is necessary to calculate the distance between the columns in advance so that it matches the total (when installing one sheet into the section) or useful (1.5-2 sheets) of the area of the professional flooring.
Note. The calculations take into account that the support racks (pillars) are necessarily installed in the corners of the fence, as well as at the place of installation of the gate and / or wicket. The number of intermediate supports is rounded in a smaller side. And the difference is compensated by the deviation from the specified distance between the racks.
The size of the rack is determined by the height of the fence, taking into account the fact that the racks are deepened into the soil by 30% of its length. Thus, with a fence height of 2,000, the height of the support rack for the fence from the professional flooring should be 2 600-2 700. For intermediate racks, the depth of the installation is 25% of the total height of the fence. Then the length of the rack will be 2 500 mm.
3. Calculation of the number of transverse lag
The amount depends on the method of installing the fence.
- The masters are advised at the height of the fence to 2,000 mm use 2 lags. Moreover, their distance from the edges of the professional flooring is 300 mm.
- With the height of the fence of more than 2,000 mm - 3 lags.
The number of transverse lags for the fence from the professionalist Thus, the overall handle of the lag is determined by multiplying the total fence length by the amount of cross.
4. Plate holder
The number of plates is equal to the number of support racks multiplied by the number of rows of lag.
The number of plugs is equal to the number of support racks. Plus 2-3 replacement (useful during the operation of the fence).
When calculating the screws, the mount is carried out in two extreme waves and after two in the middle of the professional leaf in each of the transverse lag. Thus, with two transverse lags on a sheet, 6 pieces are required, at three - 9 pcs. The number of hardware is rounded multiple packaging (standard packaging - 250 pcs). Because, in the process of twisting the self-pressing, defects may occur.
When attaching rivets, their flow increases, as they are attached along the edges and through the wave.
7. Paint for professional flooring
Standard Painting Paints 50, 100, 200, 500, 900 grams. The choice depends on the length of the fence. Usually 50 gr. Banks are enough.
8. Decorative end plank
The number is equal to the length of the fence divided by the working length of the plank. The standard length of the plank is 2,000 mm, the working (taking into account the adolescence) is 1850-1950 mm.
4 stage. Installing a fence made of professional flooring with your own hands
Mounting technology step by step:
1. Preparation of the site
Cleaning the surface of the soil from everything that will interfere with the installation of sheets and pillars.
2. Fundament device and / or installation of support columns
Note. The destruction of the sheet of professional flooring begins at the point of contacting it with the surface of the soil. Pebbles, dirt, mechanical damage lead to the appearance of defects precisely from the bottom of the sheet. In addition, the uneven terrain of the site often creates difficulties when installing supports. That is why the foundation for the fence from the professional flooring is the mandatory stage of the fence device.
What is the foundation better for a fence from a professional flooring?
To decide which foundation to put a fence from the proflist on a particular site usually helps the study of the soil. But since the fence from the professional flooring is a construct relatively lightweight, for her the usual small-breeding belt foundation is suitable. Its optimal depth is 300-400 mm, and the minimum width of the foundation under the fence from the corrugated floor is determined by the width of the support rack (columns).
Let's not stop on how to fill the foundation. But we note such a nuance, the depth of the pit at the installation site of the basic support racks (along the edges of the fence, the corners, at the place of installation of the gate) should be 1/3 of their height + 100-150 mm for the cushion device under the sole side of the rack. For intermediate posts - 1/4 of the height of support + pillow height. This will eliminate the effect of groundwater and soil freezing on the rack.
Preparation and installation of formwork is no different from the arrangement of the belt foundation under the house or gazebo.
Formwork under the foundation of the fence Ribbon foundation for fence from corrugated First of all, the basic support racks (at the edges of smooth fence segments) are installed, the rope is stretched between them and the intermediate columns are installed. In the place of installation of the support racks, the brown is removed, the gravel-sand pillow is swept away, on which racks are installed. At the same time, metal pipes should be treated with anti-corrosion solution.
Users noted that the racks are better to conceen 100-150 mm. So they retain stability when reinforcing formwork and filling it with concrete. If the pillars are planned, the pillow needs to be made of 200-250 mm high and score a rack into it. This method is more time-consuming, but less expensive and reliable.
Council. Using a level and a plumb when installing racks.
A simpler version will be the installation of support racks without the establishment of the foundation. Installation requirements are similar. Depth is 1/3 or 1/4 from the length of the rack, depending on the place of its installation, the thickness of the gravel and sand pillow is 100-150 mm, the mandatory treatment of anti-corrosion solution, level check and reliable concreting.
Note. In practice, poles for the fence from the professional flooring are established with deviations from the above technology. This is justified with stable soils.
Alternative ways to install the racks are shown in the diagram.
Types of foundation for fence from corrugated
3. Mestrazh Lag.
The fastening of the professional flooring is carried out on transverse lags. They are mounted on the support racks after those are reliably concreted. It is impossible to rush the work in this case. This can lead to a rejection of the stand from the vertical.
Transverse lags can be welded or fasten to support racks. Masters recommend using the holder plate for these purposes (bracket). Thus, the plate is screwed to the support rack, and the lag to the plate, it makes the project slightly longer and more expensive, but the mount is considered more reliable.
Three ways of fastening the lag to the support racks (photo)
Methods for fastening the lag to the support pillars - in front of an invoice . The method is ideal for solid fences;
- Behind the pillar With the use of the holder (KRONTSH). Suitable for sectional fences;
- from the side of the pillar . The advantage of the method is that it is possible to attach a professional flooring not only to the lag, but also a support patch, which makes the design more stable. But, the duration of operation and the consumption of self-tapping grows increases. Suitable for device sectional fences.
Installing a fence with a slope Note. With a significant slope, the transverse lags are mounted with a displacement, as shown in the photo.
The fully finished frame is covered with anti-corrosion primer and paint.
4. Decorative design of columns
This stage is possible only if the sectional type of fence from the professional flooring is selected. Here, the installed metal support racks can be chopped by a brick or a stone. According to many users, a fence from a professional flooring with brick columns, it looks more beautiful and presentable, rather than with metal racks or generally solid.
Note. A similar decor of the fence support is thought out at the planning stage. Because The presence of brick masonry makes adjustments to the distance between the columns, which means the number of sheets mounted in the section.
Of course, it is possible to decide on the finishing of the racks brick at any stage, but should be prepared for the fact that the professionalist will have to cut in length, and this will lead to waste not only sheet, but also paints, and cutting tools, time and money.
Users converge that this work should be entrusted to master mosteking masters, because It is the laying of bricks in this case will determine the aesthetic properties of the fence. If it is decided to do the work yourself, then you should know:
- It is advisable to use the decorative high-quality brick (chip and zip are unacceptable);
- adhere to the same thickness of the masonry seam;
- every third row to bind the metal grid (reinforce);
- The emptiness between the masonry and the supporting pipe is completely filled with concrete solution;
- Make a decorative element on the top of the pillar.
5. Installation of corrugated fence
To avoid the appearance of rust, you need to know how to fix the corrugation correctly.
To fasten a professional owl to each other and the lag use rivets or special self-tapping screws. Installation begins based on the sheet configuration. One of the extreme leaf waves is the stubble (left or right depends on the manufacturer's equipment). The first sheet is mounted in such a way that the subsequent wave of the subsequent closed the wave of the previous one, and not vice versa. In order not to encounter the situation when the leaf trim is abandoned near the gate, the installation should be started with these elements.
Council. To ensure ventilation, you need to make a distance of a sheet on the surface of the soil at 50-100 mm.
Professional property must be fixed at the edges for each of the transverse lag. One mount is in the middle of the sheet. If the fence is built in the windy region, it is advisable to fix methols through two waves.
How to fix a professional committee?
To spin the self-tapping screw in the professional flooring also need to possess certain skills. Namely, know that self-sufficiency:
- attached to the lag through the bottom wave, and fixes the sheets among themselves through the top;
- "Skipping" of self-pressing threatens damage to the facial surface of the professional flooring.
6. Installation of additional elements
In essence, the stages described above and the installation of the fence from the professional flooring ends. However, manufacturers, masters and experienced users recommend covering the top end of the profiled sheet with a special decorative P-shaped bar (end intake plank).
Installation of the fence plank The pad will give the fence aesthetic look and will exclude damage to users about sharp sheet edges.
The plank simply dresses onto the sheet, so when ordering, pay attention to its width.
For the professional set with a wave height of 8 mm, a plank is needed with a width of 10 mm (taking into account the rolling) or 8 mm (without rolling).
We draw attention to the fact that the professional flooring of most producers is painted in color only on the one hand. In the direction of the house looks unpainted gray face. If there is trees, shrubs, or grapes along the fence, it will hide a non-primary type of fence.
5 stage. Cleaning the territory after the construction of the fence
Cleaning is the logical completion of the construction process. Cleaning is necessary in order to avoid injury by trimming of a professional flooring, scattered by self-drawing and to give the site well-kept species.
Installation of the fence made of professional flooring with your own hands - Video
Installation of fences from corrugated floor - price for work and material
To make a estimate and calculate how much fence from the professional flooring should be aware of the main costs of the cost and value of the material that are shown in the table.
|Material||Cost of fence made of professional flooring |
subject to installation with their own hands (the price of the material is indicated)
|The cost of installing a fence from corrugated |
subject to the attraction of hired employees (only work without material)
|Professor||140-680 rubles / m.kv.|
|Pipe 60x60x2.||110 rub / mp.|
|Pipe 40x40x2.||70 rubles / mp.|
|Pipe 40x20x2.||60 rub / mp.|
|Plate holder||80-150 rub / pc.|
|Stick plug||1.7-59 rubles / pcs.|
|Hardware (self-tapping)||2.5-5.3 rubles / pcs.|
|Paint for professional flooring||180 rub / pc (balloon)|
|Facial Planck (2 000 mm)||60-110 rub / pc.|
|Cement||175 rubles / 50 kg.|
|Sand||80 rubles / 50 kg.|
|Gravel, fraction 20-40 mm.||100 rubles / 40 kg.|
|Stainless Groove - Alkyd Metal Primer||210 rubles / kg.|
|Fundament device||0||5 000 rubles. Behind M.KV (The type of soil influences the cost)|
|Poam drilling or pile wrap||0||From 200 rubles / pc.|
|Concretion of support pillars||0||From 500 rubles / pc.|
|Fastening Lag.||0||From 50 rubles / mp.|
|Fastening sheet of professional flooring||0||From 200 rubles / mp.|
The total costs of building a fence from the corrugated floor are determined on the basis of the need for or another material.
The cost of installing the fence from the projectal "turnkey" (the price per meter of work, materials with the installation) is shown in the table.
The fence from the corrugated floor looks great, resistant tolerates any temperature differences and all types of atmospheric phenomena. But there are two weaknesses - sailboats and low-quality installation. We hope that the information provided here will allow you to take into account and directly eliminate both of these shortcomings.
Professional flooring - universal material, which is applied not only in the arrangement of the roof, but also when the fence is erected. Different with reliability, neat appearance, does not need finish.
The fence from the professional leaf is easy to mounted, so it will be quite possible to cope with your own hands.
Advantages and disadvantages of the fence
Among the advantages of such a design:
- Wear resistance. The surface is treated with protective solutions, and the metal is not corrosion.
- A light weight. Simplifies transportation, installation. No need to attract special equipment.
- The fence assembly does not take much time.
- Low price. An independent installation of such a fence will be cheaper than similar from the brick, stone.
- Perfectly protect the plot from noise, dust.
- Fireproof and ecological raw materials.
- Does not need periodic care, painting.
- It looks beautiful, well combined with other materials.
- Material is durable.
- Serves long.
- Subject to repair. A separate element can be replaced without harm to the entire design.
There is a material and their cons.
With a fragile attachment to lags, the sheets will begin to deform under the action of a strong wind.
If the protective coating is damaged, it is necessary to process the places of anti-corrosion primer, otherwise there will be a rust over time.
Choosing professional flooring
The quality of the proflists is the key factor in the durability of the hedge.
Therefore, before buying, we recommend you to read the advice given in this article: "From which professional sheet is better to do the fence."
When calculating the amount of material, consider the dimensions. Standard width - 1155 mm, working - 1100 mm. The height is different, so it is selected individually. If necessary, you can cut off the sheets of the required parameters.
Material options for pillars
Among the most popular are 4 types. They will look more in more detail.
Sections made of professional flooring are beautifully combined with brick or stone supports. However, building pillars yourself, not having experience, do not. You need to do this under the clear guidance of a knowledgeable person or call the masters.
Articles in the topic :
It is allowed to build a country fence and on wooden supports.
For this take a bar or logs of solid rocks. But before starting to mount the frame and install poles, the raw materials are processed by antiseptics. The lower part, which will be fixed in the ground, is deceived by bitumen mastic.
It is important to remember that the tree needs periodic care and has a limited service life.
Recommendations for the choice, installation of wooden pillars for the fence.
A strong and reliable fence can be made from metal products.
Detailed article: "Metal pillars for fence".
Suitable pipes with a cross section:
Selecting the appropriate material, consider:
- The features of the soil;
- drainage depth;
- Wind load.
The minimum pipe diameter for support is 50 mm with a wall thickness of 2.5 mm.
On the bunched soils of the pillar, it is properly secured below the dotting points of the soil. On stable soil, the height of the above-ground and underground part of the support is taken in the 2: 1 ratio.
To set support for the gate, it is better to buy profile pipes of a larger cross section - 60 * 60 mm with a wall thickness from 3 mm.
On the venues with sharp differences of heights, the swampy pipes are replaced with screw piles.
What makes a frame
When installing the fence at the cottage in the priority of the hosts, not only a long service life, but at least the cost of construction work.
For permanent fences in the private sector, the owners choose a metal frame, around small areas of the earth - wooden.
We will analyze the nuances of each type of material.
Metal rolling (profile tube)
Combined with a profile, this option is most optimal. The fence will be reliable, resistant to wind loads. Such a frame is allowed to be installed on the estates under the slope, on uneven areas.
Welding applies to connect elements. Sheets are screwed to the frame of self-drawing or rivets.
Before collecting all metal parts in one design, they are recommended to be treated with anti-corrosion primer, paint.
Selecting funds, and technology description read in the article: "Methods of painting a metal fence."
An inexpensive option is to install a frame from a bar. It is a grille. Lags are recorded across the vertically fixed columns. It is done with nails, screws or a groin compound.
Wooden design is inferior by strength, the service life of the metallic, so it is chosen much less frequently.
Before installing, elements protect against moisture with antiseptics.
Methods of installation of the spans
Installation is solid and sectional.
The covering of the fence by the fence is carried out. The design visually seems to be a solid wall. Poles are mounted in 1.5-2.5 meters increments. It should not be increased, because you have to take lags of greater thickness.
The average height of the fence of 1.7-1.8 m. Sheets can be attached horizontally or vertically.
The material consumption is calculated as follows: the total length of the fence is divided into the leaf working width.
With this fixing, the consumption of sheets is much larger than during sectional.
In this method, installations are clearly distinguished.
Pillars are made from:
- metal with forging elements;
- Concrete blocks.
The recommended distance between the supports is equal to the width of one or two sheets.
The number of columns is determined by the number of sections.
Materials for construction
We will analyze the requirements for each of them more detailed.
For fence, it is recommended to take sheets C8 or C10, that is, with a wave height of 8-10 mm, a thickness of 0.5 mm.
The surface should be homogeneous, without scratches and paint divorces. A galvanized coating material is up to 30 years old, with a polyester - up to 50 years and more.
Beautiful variant of the combination of brick pillars and coated sheets, imitating brickwork.
There are sheets with a double-sided color surface. They cost more, but the fence will look equally careful both from the street side and from the yard.
Metal priority (for pillars and jumpers)
For columns, a profiled tube is 50 * 50 mm. As a jumper, a good option is a pipe 40 * 20 mm with a wall thickness of 1.5 mm.
To simplify installation, it is better to buy ready-made pillars of the desired size. They do not have to paint, cut into parts.
Such a name got brackets. Apply them when assembling the frame with hardware, without welded connections.
A simple method for calculating the number of plates: the number of columns is multiplied by the number of rows of horizontal jumpers.
Pipe plugs (for supports)
Their main appointment is to protect the inner cavity of the metal support from moisture.
You can weld the metal cover of the appropriate size. But it is much more practical to buy plastic plugs.
Number equal to the number of supports.
Entry (intricate) plank
It is customary to decorate the finished design to give it a complete species. In addition, the top ends of the sheets are protected from precipitation.
It has a p-shaped form. The edges of the plank must be fed to avoid injuries when installing and operating.
The planks are put on top of the sheets in a smooth position with the bottom of 3 cm. Fixed rivets of the same color.
Both types of hardware are used when installing professional flooring.
But experienced builders recommend sampling with sheets with roofing screws.
They have a laying of neoprene rubber, which tightly presses sectional material without harm to the surface, prevents moisture penetration to the joints of the compounds.
The average length is 15-35 cm.
Screw without pre-drill holes. The development is much smaller than with rivets, since fixation is made in two extreme waves on the leaf sides and another two waves in the center of the sheet in each of the lag.
When installing the material, the holes that need to be treated with anti-corrosion primer are drilled under them. The flow rate is growing, because the sheets are fixed in the corners and through each wave.
In addition, you will need a bolt or screw M6.
In order not to interrupt the technological process, it is important to prepare components for a concrete solution in advance:
Crushed stone can be replaced with broken brick or stone.
If you need a large volume under the fill, order the finished concrete machine. It will reduce the time and will be cheaper than hiring several workers for the knead.
Paint or primer
It will be necessary for painting pillars, transverse lag. It is purchased depending on which material is selected for the frame - metal or wood.
Often paint has the properties of the primer, so you do not have to buy the primer.
To obtain an unusual color, use the palette table, which is depicted on the package. Sometimes you just need to mix two shades.
List of instruments
We will analyze more Requirements for each of them.
It will be necessary for fixing the lag to the columns. A household device is suitable for 220 W operating from the network. To speed up the process, welding locations are pre-locked.
After work, the seams are cleaned and processed by anti-corrosion primer, color.
If there is no skills to work with the device, it is better to invite an experienced neighbor or a master.
If the fasteners are produced by bolts and screws, the welding equipment is not needed.
Bulgarian (corner machine)
It will take for cutting metal parts, stripping ready-made welds. It is necessary to stock up with cutting and grinding circles of a suitable diameter.
Scissors for metal
For cutting, professional flooring apply scissors for metal.
It is not recommended to cut the sheets with a grinder, because the material overheats and the ends in a short time begin to rust.
For fixing sheets to the frame, a screwdriver is used with a special nozzle for roofing self-sufficiency - M8. During operation, the magnetic holder does not give a screws to fall.
Construction level, plumbing and other tools
Among other things, you will need:
- shovel or drill to grow trench;
- Concrete mixer (can be rented);
- roulette, pencil (for measurements);
- building level;
When all the materials, the tools are prepared, you can start the installation of the structure.
Step-by-step instructions for creating a fence from a professional flooring on a metal frame
All works Get to mask together or threesome. On small sites, you do not need to attract special equipment.
Mounting scheme, drawings
The sketch of the future fence is predetermined. If you independently do it difficult, then look for it on the Internet. There are many examples of ready-made facilities from the professional flooring, located both on even plots and estates that are under the tilt.
The diagram should be the size of the sections, the height of the pillar, the distance on which the lags will be attached.
The features of the soil and the range of location from the motorway, green plantings, hospostroops are indicated.
Schematically show height differences, if any. The type of foundation is applied.
Specify briefly requirements for materials. The cost estimate is calculated.
Performed with the help of rope and wooden pegs. The main pegs are driven into the ground in the locations of the pillars, auxiliary - through each running meter. A rope is tensioning strictly at an angle of 90 degrees.
Key factors when choosing a base type:
- climate features, soil;
- the depth of freezing and groundwater occurrence;
- Load for the foundation (easy or massive materials will be lungs).
To familiarize yourself with the various types of foundations, learn the stages of their erection to follow the link.
Installation and fixation of the poles occurs at the stage of arrangement of the base, regardless of the foundation selected.
In this case, profile metal pipes are used under support.
It implies Lag fasteners to racks.
Performed in two ways:
- Welding. The grinder cut off the billet size of 5 mm less than the distance between the columns. Pillar coating is protected in the fastener location, the old paint is removed. The procedure is performed in the threesome: two sides are kept alive, the third is welded. Seams are cleaned. Defects and poorly wrapped places eliminate. The process is repeated throughout the perimeter. The finished frame is primer. A day later, it can be painted.
- Fixation by brackets. The holder is installed on the post at the desired level on the sides or outside, it all depends on the design of the plate. Must with self-drawing. The jumper is applied to another post. By level, another bracket is fixed. The process is repeated throughout the perimeter. Lags are mounted to the plates on the reverse side.
In the fences with a height of 1.5 - 1.7 m, there are enough two lags, with a greater value, the number of lag increases to three pieces. The distance between the lags is 35 to 50 cm.
Methods of fastening proflist
Prepare the sheets of the desired size. Remove the protective film.
The further order of work is described in this article: "How to fasten a professional on the fence."
Mounting gate and gate
When the sections are completed, you should start setting the gate, wickets. Under the gate choose reinforced pillars with a wall thickness from 3.5 mm. Garage cannons weld to them. For lag use pipes with a cross section 20 * 40 mm with a wall thickness of 2 mm. All connections are welding. Shut-off mechanisms are attached from fixing sheets.
The installation of sheets to the frame in the same manner as in the case of sections is carried out.
Users are often looking for :
Features of the installation of the fencing on the slope
For sites located on the slopes, in uneven areas it is important to develop a project so as to compensate for sharp drops of height level.
The optimal view of the foundation will be tape.
Examine details Types of tape, fill sequence.
Evasion should be uniform. Sections are created with the same raising and lowering height.
The fence is mounted in two ways:
- Repeat contour of the slope. Performed on steep hills, slopes. The jumpers fix it horizontally, but in parallel the slope. Sections can be of different heights, but the same upper level is saved.
- Step fence. Suitable for the estates with a gradual difference of heights. The fence is aesthetic appearance. Poles are mounted in increments of 2-2.5 meters so that between them it happened to fasten the transverse lags. The average height of the drop on 1 section is the overall height of the area of the area divided by the number of differentials between the columns.
When the dimensions of the soil level are less than the magnitude of the permanent, then it is easier to equip the foundation for the fence on the slope. The concrete sole of the base is made in the form of steps, the top is parallel to the Earth.
Photo gallery of finished fences
Below are different ways to fasten the professional flooring to the fence, the most original combinations with other materials.
To independently create a reliable fence, professional flooring is a universal material and a good choice. The finished design will perfectly complement the site, protect the yard from curious neighbors, and a variety of colors will allow you to purchase a material that is exactly suitable to any owner.